Muhammad Yamin was born on August 28, 1903 in Talawi, Sawahlunto, West Sumatra. His organizational and political activities started from Jong Sumateranan Bond and Indonesia Muda. He participated in initiating the national unity on Youth Pledge October 28, 1928, and participated in the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence in the preparation and formulation of UUD'45.
After the Indonesian Independence, he was appointed as a memberof KNIP, BAPENAS Chairman, Minister of Education and Cultural Affairs and Special Deputy First Minister and Minister of Information. Prof. Muhammad Yamin died October 17, 1962 in Jakarta and was buried in Talawi, his birthplace.